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Volunteers Sew, 3D Print Masks To Meet Montana Need



Montanans are helping solve the problem of critical shortages of medical masks as coronavirus continues to spread. Sewing machines and 3D printers and lots of volunteers are making reusable masks to protect healthcare workers from the novel coronavirus.

In Billings, Dr. Dusty Richardson, dentist Dr. Spencer Zaugg and his son Colton Zaugg came up with a way to 3D print reusable masks.

“It’s a creative solution to a bad problem. I wouldn’t claim that it’s a perfect solution. I wouldn’t claim that it couldn’t be improved upon and that’s why we included the files out there so that people, engineers, companies are able to help to solve the shortage,” says Dr. Richardson, a neurosurgeon at Billings Clinic.

Each 3D printed mask costs about $1 to produce. Richardson says they’re donating every mask they make locally to Billings Clinic and sharing their design for free.

Billings Clinic is looking into mass production of the masks. The startup costs for mass production would be a minimum of $20,000, which they hope to raise through donations to the Billings Clinic Foundation.

It takes about three hours to print each plastic mask, which looks almost like a gas mask without the filters on the side. Instead, this design has a square slot in the front for a replaceable filter.

Richardson says the masks can use either N95 respirator filters or a single surgical mask can be cut up and used as six filters.

“The idea is to use less mask material for each use,” Richardson says.

Richardson says the 3D printed masks haven’t been approved as a replacement for the N95 respirators.

Flowmark Hitech Filters Company in Billings initially made 200 filters for the prototype mask. Owner Shane Rekdal says he can make as many filters as needed and has already received orders for filters from all over the country.

Over in Livingston, Karen Searle started organizing efforts to sew reusable masks with other volunteers in the Gallatin County area last week. Gallatin County has the highest concentration of coronavirus cases.

“The mask is important but what’s really the story is how the community has come together to generate a support system, a network to build these masks and send a message. We love our healthcare providers,” Searle says.

The Facebook page dedicated to coordinating mask making has well over a thousand members. Since the Bozeman Daily Chronicle published a story about the sewn masks, Searle has been inundated with calls, emails and texts from people who want to donate time, money or expertise.

“One hospital called and said we have our doctors and our nurses sewing masks. I said oh my gosh you got to empower the community, they want to do this,” Searle says.

The sewn masks have a pocket where a filter is inserted. The filters can be replaced and masks washed for multiple uses. Michelle Elder, a registered nurse for Bozeman Health Clinic, will conduct quality control as masks are donated and after each wash.

It’s worth noting that both replacements are about as effective as surgical masks, not necessarily the N95 respirator the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends to protect against coronavirus.



Ex-astronaut launches training kit for coping with self-isolation | Science




Perhaps your flatmate has polished off the last beer in the fridge, diverging tastes in Netflix series have led to simmering tensions, or parental negotiations over home-schooling have descended into hostility.

Life in lockdown can fuel family tensions, sour friendships and drive a wedge between new romantic partners who have opted to self-isolate together. Help is on hand, however.

A former Nasa astronaut, Jay Buckey, has launched an online self-help toolkit aimed at replicating the kind of training designed to help astronauts cope with confinement in small spaces for extended periods.

“It’s challenging to be isolated with a small group of people and to not be able to get away,” said Buckey, who flew on a 16-day Space Shuttle Columbia mission that orbited the Earth 256 times. “Outer space and your own living room might be drastically different physically, but emotionally the stressors can be the same.”

The online training, called the Dartmouth Path Program, was developed to determine how the space programme can manage pressures brought on by long-duration spaceflight. It is already being tested in extreme environments such as research stations in Antarctica, but since social distancing restrictions came into force it has been made freely available to the public online.

It includes training on conflict resolution, mood management and self-assessment tools to be able to monitor signs of anxiety and stress.

For stress, the programme prompts the participant to consider whether they could be over-reacting, catastrophising or making judgments that don’t fit the evidence. Focused breathing and muscle relaxation techniques are outlined for when you are feeling anxious or angry.

The training also covers depression, which can set in when you feel restricted and unable to do the things that normally boost your mood, according to Buckey, who is now a professor of medicine at Dartmouth College.

The programme encourages people to select problems and find aspects they can improve or solve and to brainstorm positive steps they can take. It encourages people to think about a single enjoyable activity that is possible to do each day. “If you focus constantly on what you can’t do or things you want to do or that you’re isolated, that’s not good for mood,” said Buckey.

Keeping a balance between group time and private time is crucial, he said. “You need to allow people their privacy but not to allow them to become isolated and separated from a group,” he said. “If someone’s spending all their time in their room with their door closed, that’s not great. Forcing people to take part in group activities that they’re just not into – that’s not good either.”

According to Buckey, Nasa and other agencies now give psychological training to avoid conflict between crew members, but the problem blighted some missions in the past. The Russian cosmonaut Valentin Lebvedev, who documented his 211-day stay onboard the Space Station Salyut 7 with Anatoly Berezovoy, wrote: “We don’t understand what’s going on with us. We silently walk by each other, feeling offended. We have to find some way to make things better.”

Scientists on Antarctic missions have also struggled with isolation, Buckey said, pointing to the notes of Jean Rivolier, a French psychologist and chief doctor on several Antarctic expeditions, describing the dismal morale of one party in the 1990s.

“One subject returned early to Sydney on psychological grounds, because he was homesick for his family and he became progressively more depressed,” Rivolier wrote. “When the others returned they were humourless, tired, despondent and resentful. None had found the Antarctic experience to be enjoyable, not so much from any rigours of the climate, terrain or personal hardships as from inconsiderate and selfish behaviour.”

Pete Davis, an oceanographer at the British Antarctic Survey, said the uncertain length of missions to the south pole, due to weather considerations, was challenging. The “worst thing to do”, he said, was to focus on when isolation would end. “The best thing to avoid is what’s going to happen in three months time when you’ve only just started,” he said. “All you can control is what’s going to happen today or tomorrow.”

Davis, who returned from a three-month Antarctic mission in February only to be plunged back into confinement at home, advised that simple, considerate gestures could help ensure harmony.

“In Antarctica, full-blown conflict doesn’t tend to happen, but the small niggle of ‘that’s so annoying’ does,” he said. “Just things like if you’re going to make a cup of tea, make sure you ask everyone as well. It’s such a minor thing but it can get under people’s skin.”


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Indie Band Combines Zoom Technology and Choreography in Music Video – Variety




The coronavirus pandemic has impacted daily life all over the country, but Oakland, Calif. artist Thao Nguyen and her band, Thao & The Get Down Stay Down, took the hardship as a challenge.

The group set to film a music video for their new single, “Phenom,” in Los Angeles (where Nguyen currently resides) in late March, but plans for the shoot were cancelled as fears over the spread of coronavirus forced a statewide statewide shelter-in-place order for California on Mar. 20.

Nguyen’s manager made the suggestion that they shoot an alternative using the popular video conferencing platform Zoom.  By Wednesday, March 25, Thao had digitally convened with her team for what would serve as the video’s only pre-production meeting.

Directed by Erin Murray (Ed Sheeran, Charli XCX) and Jeremy Schaulin-Rioux (PUP, Calpurnia) and produced by Victoria Fayad (Moby), the video features Nguyen performing “Phenom” from home while a rotating supporting cast performs choreographed routines in individual Zoom windows.

Pieced together on March 29 over the course of nine hours, the video was cut and released to the public within 48 hours. Its brilliantly creative use of technology and choreography saw views for the video quadruple in the last couple days.

The track, which Nguyen says takes influence from the post-apocalyptic utopias of writers like Octavia Butler and Ursula Le Guin, is, in her words, a “direct descendant” of her A Man Alive track “Meticulous Bird.” “Phenom” is available to stream now and will appear on the band’s fifth studio album, Temple, due May 15 from Ribbon Music.

Watch the video below:


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Magna Steyr, Honxin, Kautex Textron, TI Automotive, Yachiyo Industry – Northwest Trail




Global Metal Fuel Tank Market 2020” provides in-depth analysis of the current and upcoming market and synopsis of product type, specification, product innovation, and production analysis considering major key factors, like Cost, Revenue, Gross, and Gross Margin and provides the entirely analysis of “Metal Fuel Tank Market” using manufacturing process, price analysis and SWOT analysis (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threat) is examined in this study report.

This market understand repository presents readers with an encyclopedic evaluation of the global Metal Fuel Tank market. Each aspect of the global Metal Fuel Tank market is assessed in thorough detail in the report to provide a 360-degree review of the market’s workings for interested parties. The past, present, and future growth trajectory of the Metal Fuel Tank Market are assessed in the report, with detailed analysis of the historical trajectory of the market providing a solid database for reliable predictions regarding the Metal Fuel Tank Market future.

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Company Coverage (Company Profile, Sales Revenue, Price, Gross Margin, Main Products, etc.): Magna Steyr, Honxin, Kautex Textron, TI Automotive, Yachiyo Industry, Tokyo Radiator Mfg, Hwashin Tech, Futaba Industrial, FTS Co., AAPICO Hitech PLC, Yapp Automotive Parts, Wanxiang Tongda, Wuhu Shunrong, Changchun Qiche Youxiang, Jiangsu Suguang, Lingchuan Industry, Jiangling Huaxiang

Segmentation By Product Type and analysis of the Metal Fuel Tank Market:
Iron, Alloy, Other

Segmentation By Application and analysis of the Metal Fuel Tank Market:
Passenger Cars, Commercial Vehicles

Overview of the Report: The report begins with a market overview and moves on to cover the growth prospects of the markets. Global Metal Fuel Tank industry 2020 is a comprehensive, professional report delivering market research data that is relevant for new market entrants or established players. Key methodologies of the organizations working in the business sectors and their effect included for the report. Moreover, the main player’s revenue share, business overview, and analysis in the Metal Fuel Tank market are available in the report.

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Geographical Segmentation And Analysis Of The Metal Fuel Tank Market

Regionally, the market is divided into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East and Africa. In which North America ruled the global Metal Fuel Tank market in 2019.

• North America (USA, Canada, & Mexico)
• South America (Brazil, Argentina)
• Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Indonesia, & Australia)
• Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia, UK, Italy, France)
• The Middle East and Africa (GCC Countries & Egypt)
and the rest countries of each region…


Key Questions Answered In The Report Include:

What will the growth rate and market size be in 2026?
What are the key factors driving the global Metal Fuel Tank market?
What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the global Metal Fuel Tank market?
What are the challenges to market growth?
Who are the key vendors in the global Metal Fuel Tank market?
What are the market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Metal Fuel Tank market?
Growing factors affecting the market shares of the EMEA, Americas, and APAC.
What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the global Metal Fuel Tank market?

What the Report has in Store for you?

– Industry Size & Forecast: The industry analysts have offered historical, current, and estimated projections of the industry size from the value and volume point of view

– Future Opportunities: In this section of the report, Metal Fuel Tank participants are provided with the information on the future prospects that the Metal Fuel Tank industry is likely to offer

– Industry Trends & Developments: Here, authors of the report have talked about the major trends and developments taking place in the Metal Fuel Tank marketplace and their estimated impact on the overall growth

– Study on Industry Segmentation: Detailed breakdown of the key Metal Fuel Tank industry segments including product type, application, and vertical has been done in this portion of the report

– Regional Analysis: Metal Fuel Tank vendors are offered crucial information about the high growth regions and their respective countries, thus helping them to invest in profitable regions

– Competitive Landscape: This unit of the report throws light on the competitive scenario of the Metal Fuel Tank industry by focusing on the key strategies taken up by the vendors to consolidate their presence in the Metal Fuel Tank business.

The study report includes the following chapters:

Chapter 1, describe market overview, market opportunities, market driving force, market risks, and Metal Fuel Tank product scope
Chapter 2, profile the top manufacturers of Metal Fuel Tank, with sales, revenue, price, and global market share of Metal Fuel Tank in 2019 and 2020
Chapter 3, the Metal Fuel Tank competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of leading manufacturers are analyzed decisively by landscape contrast
Chapter 4, the Metal Fuel Tank breakdown data are shown at the regional level, to show the sales, revenue, and growth by regions, from 2020 to 2025
Chapters 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, to break the sales data at the country level, with sales, revenue, and market share for key countries in the world, from 2020 to 2026
Chapters 10 and 11, to segment the sales by type and application, with sales market share and growth rate by type, application, from 2020 to 2026
Chapter 12, Metal Fuel Tank market forecast, by regions, type, and application, with sales and revenue, from 2020 to 2026
Chapter 13, 14 and 15, to describe Metal Fuel Tank sales channel, distributors, customers, research findings and conclusion, appendix and data source

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